In vitro Fertilization is one of the most common treatment options for women to have a child. When a couple fails to achieve pregnancy for more than a year, the fertility doctors suggest IVF treatment for a patient if they have one of the following concerns given as :
1. Tubal Factor Infertility
Partial or complete blockage of the fallopian tubes is one of the most common reasons for IVF. The fact of the matter is that IVF was originally developed to treat women with abnormal or missing fallopian tubes. The IVF process bypasses the absent/damaged tubes. With IVF, fertilization of the eggs and early embryo development occurs in the laboratory dish. The fertilized eggs are then implanted directly into the uterus. For this reason, that is, when IVF is done because the cause of infertility is damaged or abnormal tubes, the chance of success – that is, a healthy full-term pregnancy – is high.
2. Male Factor Infertility
Abnormalities in sperm number or low sperm count are considered the second most common reason for IVF. When a patient is diagnosed with male factor infertility, the treatment options largely depend on the severity of the problem. The most typical infertility procedure in such cases involves placing the sperm directly into the uterus using a small catheter. In more severe cases, when sperm count, motility, or morphology is poor, the only option is IVF. Following the egg harvesting, sperm is injected directly into the eggs, through a procedure, ICSI (intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection), allows for fertilization to occur even in cases when the sperm parameters are extremely poor, and has revolutionized the treatment of male factor infertility.
3. Age-Related Infertility
As women age, the chances of becoming pregnant also decreases. The quality of eggs diminishes drastically after a woman reaches 35 and also increases the risk of miscarriage or birth defects. That’s why, IVF is often recommended by the doctors to select the most viable eggs and embryos, when treating women over 35 who are battling with infertility.
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