16 Apr What is Infertility?
Female infertility is a problem that affects around 48 million women in the world. There are various reasons related to health, lifestyle and other hazardous occasions that are attached to female infertility. Doctors divide the problem into three larger categories: physical, such as damaged fallopian tubes, hormonal, as in irregular cycles, and age-related issues. It has also been noted that women from especially economically unstable regions tend to be affected by infertility as compared to women in more well-off areas when child-seeking behavior is kept as equal. Along with natural causes, pollution, injurious lifestyle and lack of access to healthcare are all seen as factors that cause infertility.
When prolonged practice of unprotected vaginal intercourse of over one year does not lead to conception for a woman of reproductive age, this is an occurrence of infertility. What happens in the growth of infertility is that the fully developed egg is prevented in one way or the other from being fertilized, and the different determinations as to why this happens vary with the diagnosis. In a normal cycle, the release of estrogen promotes the growth of follicles, the dominant of which becomes an egg. If fertilized, progesterone is released that prepares the uterus for pregnancy. Factors of age as well as lifestyle may affect conception at this stage itself. Smoking deters the creation of estrogen and hence the creation of healthy follicles. Chances of a miscarriage also increase with smoking. A person’s body mass is also a factor in determining infertility. A larger person releases more estrogen, and an abundance of body fat may cause reactions in the reproductive cycle. By the same logic, too thin a person has lesser amounts of estrogen than required.
Another risk that is especially caused by the onset of age is the damage to the fallopian tubes. Inflammatory diseases like salpingitis and adhesions cause the egg to be blocked from the fertilization process. Peritoneal surgery also increases the risk of fallopian tube damage. Liver and kidney diseases cause infertility as well. Several other medical procedures such as chemotherapy can also cause total infertility in persons. Concerns such as these may consult the leading IVF specialist in Delhi.
Age is also a major factor in the cause of infertility. Keeping the fact of child-rearing pressure as compatible, the fertility rates decline drastically for women as their age progresses. This is due to the reduction in the ovarian reserves. By age 30, a healthy woman may have around 12% of her ovarian reserve left. This becomes 3% by the age 40. Even with the existence of technology and medicine to aid artificial birth, there is still a greater chance of women of the age groups 20-30 conceiving than those above it.
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