Most of the women in their 40s may have experienced abnormal menstrual cycles due to condition like Oligomenorrhea or absence of menstrual cycles caused by Amenorrhea. This can happen due to a number of reasons but premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) is one the least common causes.
Around 1 in 100 women younger than 40 years face premature ovarian insufficiency. Luckily, it is a treatable condition but requires a thorough evaluation of the ovaries in the first place to detect the main cause behind POI.
Premature Ovarian Failure may occur unexpectedly in one to two months or several years. If a woman is experiencing POI, she will observe irregular periods, ultimately leading to absence of menstruation. Usually, the real cause behind POI remains unidentified. However, conditions like Pelvic surgery, Chemotherapy and Radiation therapy may result in POI.
What are the common factors indicating POI?
Premature ovarian failure is a tricky condition and affects your body in the following ways:
- Lack of breast development during puberty
- Irregular menstruation
- Reduced breast size
- Hot flashes
- Lesser vaginal discharge
- Mood swings
- Inability to sleep leading to Insomnia
- Poor concentration
- Decreased sex drive
- Vaginal dryness
How to diagnose the presence of POI symptoms?
The concerned doctor will perform a blood test to examine whether your ovaries are producing the required amount of estrogen and the pituitary gland is releasing FSH and LH normally to trigger ovarian follicles. The results of the blood test indicating excessive pituitary hormone production and absence of estrogen hormone, then the presence of POI is determined.
In addition, a transvaginal ultrasound can be done to analyze your ovaries. If a woman has POI, her ovaries will be noticeably smaller with a few number of follicles. Other possible to confirm POI are as follows:
- Through history and physical examination
- Chromosome study (karyotype)
- Total blood count with additional studies
- Thyroid analysis
- Parathyroid analysis
- Ovarian antibodies test
- Ovarian biopsy
How to get rid of POI to improve your fertility chances?
Unfortunately, there has been no evident method to treat POI till now. However, you can consider therapeutic regimens to get relieve from POI symptoms.
A hormone therapy (HRT) helps replace the hormones not produced by the body anymore. This means that the estrogen and progesterone hormones are replaced which promotes breast development, normal menstrual cycles and healthier bones.
Also, there are various forms of HRT namely the hormonal patch, hormonal pills or shorts and the vaginal ring. Through hormone therapy, you can overcome POI to a great extent.
If we talk about pregnancy chances in women with POI, then there is lesser chances successful conception while on HRT. If you wish to explore fertility treatment options like IVF treatment in India then read below.
What are the possible fertility treatment solutions for women with POI?
Dr. Rita Bakshi, a leading IVF doctor in Delhi, offers a wide-range of fertility treatments at affordable price so that you can attain a healthy and successful pregnancy. If you are suffering from POI, you can opt for the following possible fertility treatments:
In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF) through Egg Donation
A woman’s eggs are aspirated through a minimally-invasive surgery and transferred into the intended female parent’s uterus for achieving pregnancy. This type of treatment can be fruitful for women with POI.
The IVF cost in India is low-priced and assures peace of mind.
Oocyte (Egg) Cryopreservation
Women can now freeze their eggs in early 20s so that they can preserve their fertility and gain pregnancy through their own eggs in future. You should preferably undergo egg freezing prior to radiation or chemotherapy procedure.
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