What is IVF treatment ?
In vitro fertilization is one of the most common procedures for couples struggling with fertility problems to have a baby. IVF treatment comes under Assisted Reproductive Technique (ART) in which an egg is surgically removed from the woman’s ovaries and fertilised with sperm in a laboratory. The fertilised egg, now called an embryo, is then transferred to the woman’s womb to grow and develop.
An IVF cycle begins with a woman being given drugs to contain her menstrual cycle. She is also given a fertility hormone called FSH in order to increase the number of eggs the ovaries produce. She is called by a fertility clinic where her eggs will then be collected by using a needle to remove them from the ovaries. The eggs are then mixed with sperm in a laboratory dish and the embryo kept for two to three days before being transferred into the womb.
IVF treatment in India
It is estimated that one in seven couples and about 10 percent of the general population suffers from some form of infertility. The awareness about IVF treatment is also increasing among the Indian married couples to increase the chances of having a baby. According to the research, births have increased exponentially over the years. In 1990, a little more than a decade after the first IVF birth, about 95,000 babies were born worldwide. By 2000, that figure had grown to nearly 1 million, and by 2007, it had climbed to more than 2 million. More than five million IVF babies have been born, as of now.
Presently, the field of reproductive medicine is witnessing a great change with new techniques being added and the same being educated to the people at large. India, being at the forefront of reproductive medicine, has become a favorite destination for all the infertility treatments available around the world.
IVF – a good option to have children
Fertility experts believe that IVF has become sort of mainstream as there is more acceptance of it than earlier. “More people are prepared to do it. Today, IVF is a far more streamlined process. Donor eggs, sperm and embryos can all be used to help couples with more complex fertility problems, and the multiple birth rate, which was considered the health risk from IVF, is slowing down rapidly,” says Dr. Rita Bakshi, who runs IVF centre in Delhi from past two decades. In another significant development, since Louise Brown’s birth, the cost of IVF treatment in India has been cut dramatically with a success rate similar to conventional IVF.
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