Intrauterine insemination is a fertility process and it is one of the most common methods that is usually recommended by the specialist after the failure to conceive with the help of fertility drugs only. The procedure, as compared to other treatments like IVF is less expensive and invasive. In brief, its a process in which the sperm is placed in the uterus during the time of ovulation or when a woman is about to ovulate. In IUI the most motile sperms are chosen that can reach the fallopian tubes and increase the chances of fertilisation.
Preparation of sperm for IUI procedure
The process involves the separation of sperm from seminal fluid sample. The sample is washed and cleansed by using various types of IUI media. Only the most motile and high grade sperms are chosen that are then placed on a soft catheter which is then passed through a speculum into the uterus during ovulation for fertilisation to take place.
In what cases is IUI being used?
IUI can be recommended in the following cases:
- Male infertility that includes low sperm count and declension in sperm mobility
- If a woman is suffering from hostile cervical mucus
- If the fertility drugs are inadequate to bring the desired results
- Unexplained Iinfertility
When to avoid IUI process
- Pelvic Infection
- Blocked fallopian tubes
- Rigorous endometriosis
Risks Involve in IUI
It is a low risk process with minimal chances of infection. The only issue is OHSS (ovarian hyper stimulation syndrome) which is the over stimulation due to fertility drugs but through regular monitoring it can be prevented.
The success rates in IUI cycle depends on many factors such as sperm quality, female’s age, cause of infertility, usage of fertility drugs and in case the couple has performed the cycle each month then, the success rates may reach up to 30%. It is generally advised to try Intrauterine insemination a minimum of 4-5 times before giving up hope.