What is a Laparoscopy process?
Laparoscopy is a surgical procedure where a narrow telescope-like instrument is inserted through a tiny incision into the belly button. This is done t have a clear view of the abdominal, pelvic, and reproductive organs – especially uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Why use laparoscopy for treating infertility in women?
This procedure helps in diagnosing abnormal defects such as scarred tissues, endometriosis, fibroid tumors or any other issues.
If there is any defect, it can be removed through operative laparoscopy which involves placing of instruments through various ports in the lower abdomen.
However, prior to considering laparoscopy, one can opt for semen analysis, ovarian reserve testing. For example, if the intended female parent has clear ovulation issues or her male partner has sperm quality and quantity issues, then laparoscopy may not provide fruitful information for their conception.
In early years, laparoscopy was done before the use of gonadotropins. Now this tradition has changed.
Fertility clinics are doing far less laparoscopy test today with great advances in the assisted reproduction tech technologies and rising IVF success rates.
How is Laparoscopy performed? Is it is a time-taking procedure?
Laparoscopy is done with general anesthesia or local anesthesia. The complete laparoscopy procedure takes around 20 minutes to 2 hours depending upon the corrections required. The concerned patient is discharged after two hours post-surgery. It is advised to take rest for the next 2-3 days. A mild or severe pain may prevail for a week or more.
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How can Laparoscopy cure unexplained infertility?
Couples having unexplained infertility who have undergone infertility screening tests usually receive ovarian stimulation through fertility medications. If the result is unsuccessful, a diagnostic laparoscopy is recommended. However, with development in assisted reproductive technology (ART) like IVF, ICSI and IUI given more preference instead of laparoscopy.
Diagnostic laparoscopy is favorable for patients with unexplained infertility. With the help of a diagnostic laparoscopy, you can identify the cause behind infertility and follow a well-defined approach for post-operative pregnancy. Hence, it is highly recommended for infertile couples.
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