IVF Training Centre in Delhi- Dr Rita Bakshi

Endometriosis- Symptoms, Treatments & Diagnosis


What is Endometriosis ?

Endometriosis affects around 10 percent of women worldwide with most being diagnosed between the ages of 25 and 40 and is linked to excess oestrogen (oestrogen dominance). In simple words, it is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the womb is found outside the womb causing problems. The tissue inside the uterus is called “endometrium” and the tissue outside of the uterus is called \”endometriosis\”.

Where does it occur and what are its symptoms?

The most common places where endometriosis occurs are the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the bowel, and the areas in front, in back, and to the sides of the uterus. The most common symptoms are pain in the lower abdomen, heavy periods, pain in pelvis area and in some cases it leads to infertility.

Despite the huge number of women affected by endometriosis, little is known about the causes of the disease and it is very hard to diagnose without surgical intervention.

Treatment Options

There is no proper treatment for endometriosis, and if it is left untreated it will grow, causing pain and decreases your chances of getting pregnant in the future. This is why a woman with endometriosis needs to take medication. This might include a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (ibuprofen/Advil) or hormonal birth control. Besides medicine, a woman can try other things at home to help with the pain. For example, apply the heat to belly or do some exercises that will relive you with pain. If treatment does not improve your pain within three to six months, surgery is a reasonable next step. It is considered laparoscopic surgical treatment is the primary treatment for endometriosis. The best treatment is to remove the endometriosis at the time of the laparoscopy.

We do not recommend any particular treatment at our IVF clinic in India for endometriosis, but support patients seeking treatment options appropriate to their individual circumstances.

Making pregnancy possible with endometriosis

Getting pregnant for women with endometriosis can be a huge battle but treatment options are available to help you conceive. If you have endometriosis, you are not alone. About 30% of women with endometriosis have trouble getting pregnant. It is important to consider not all women with endometriosis are infertile. Many women have children after they are diagnosed and eventually have a successful pregnancy. 40 to 50 percent of women with endometriosis have also resulted successful pregnancy with in vitro fertilization. In fact, IVF treatment is recommended for women with endometriosis to have children than going for surgery.

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