5 Things that you should know about ICSI Treatment - Dr Rita Bakshi

5 Things that you should know about ICSI Treatment


1. ICSI is Male Infertility Treatment?

When it comes to infertility, most people think about IVF, but there is a specialized form of IVF which is called as ICSI. It is an acronym for intracytoplasmic sperm injection. It is used for the treatment of severe cases of male-factor infertility. ICSI involves the injection of a single sperm directly into a mature egg.

2. ICSI helps to treat various problems

ICSI is likely to be recommended if your spouse has:

  • A very low or zero sperm count.
  • Abnormally shaped sperm (poor sperm morphology) or other problems such as poor motility (slow moving).
  • An obstruction such as a vasectomy, which prevents sperm release.
  • Problems with getting an erection and ejaculating, due to spinal cord injuries or diabetes.
  • A vasectomy reversal that was unsuccessful or resulted in a low sperm count or poor-quality sperm.
  • If you have tried IVF you may move on to ICSI if not enough eggs could be retrieved, or if eggs retrieved for IVF were not successfully fertilized.

3. ICSI Process explained?

  • A very delicate, sharp and hollow needle is used to immobilize and pick up a single sperm.
  • This needle is then carefully inserted through the zona (shell of the egg) and in to the center (cytoplasm) of the egg.
  • The sperm is injected in the cytoplasm and the needle is removed.
  • The eggs are checked the next morning for evidence of normal fertilization.

4. ICSI success rates are improving.

ICSI is one of the most common techniques used in Assisted Reproductive Technology after IVF. Since it was introduced, it has led to the birth of many thousands of babies worldwide that otherwise might not have been conceived. The success rate of ICSI is almost similar to standard IVF. The success ratio is more than 40 percent. Doctors also give special hormonal injection to the female partner because the uterus needs to be prepared for the pregnancy. Your fertility specialist will be able to give you an indication of your individual chance of success using ICSI.

5. Benefits of ICSI Procedure

  • ICSI may provide you a chance of conceiving your genetic child when other options have failed to work.
  • If your spouse is not able to ejaculate on the day of egg collection for standard IVF, sperm can instead be extracted for ICSI.
  • ICSI has been proven to helpful for couples with unexplained infertility, though fertility experts haven’t found that ICSI makes pregnancy any more likely than standard IVF.
  • The children born as a result of ICSI has so far, no convincing evidence that the incidence of birth defects is any different with ICSI or IVF compared with children born to other parents of similar age and health.

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